Medical Biology = Медична біологія. — 2-ге вид. випр. та допов. Recommended by the High Scientifc Board of Odessa National Medical University, as a textbook for 1st year students of medical and pharmaceutical faculties.
ISBN: 978-966-382-749-0
Автор: Бажора Ю.І. та ін.
Рік: 2019
Мова: англійська
Сторінок: 448
Обкладинка: тверда
Ціна: 450 грн.

The basic questions of general and medical biology are highlighted in this textbook. The general laws of life, the study of the cell including fundamentals of the human cytogenetics, the study of heredity and variability including the human genetics, laws of phylogenetic development of organisms, fundamentals of general parasitology, biology of the most important human parasites, transmission pathways, diagnosis and prophylaxis of parasitogenic diseases are presented. The content of textbook is organized according to the Program on Medical Biology for the first year English-speaking medical students.

Chapter 1. Introduction into the course of medical biology. Levels of organization and fundamental characteristics of living matter. Chemical composition of the cell
1.1. Introduction into the course of medical biology . 67
1.2. Levels of organization and fundamental characteristics of living matter..9
1.3. Chemical composition of the cell ..12
Tasks & Questions....17
Chapter 2. Classification of living organisms. Non-cellular and cellular organisms. Prokaryotic cell
2.1. Non-cellular infectious particles. Viruses, viroids, prions...19
2.2. Cellular organisms. Prokaryotic cell...21
Tasks & Questions..24.
Chapter 3. Morphology of the eukaryotic cell
3.1. Structural components of eukaryotic cell.
Cell membrane..27
3.2. Cytoplasm. Cell organelles ...32
3.3. Nucleus. Human karyotype ..37
Tasks & Questions..46
Chapter 4. Organization of information and energy flow in the cell. Molecular basis of heredity
4.1. Notion of cell metabolism. Assimilation and dissimilation..49
4.2. Information flow. Molecular basis of heredity. Nucleic acids..50
4.3. Gene and its structure. Genetic code..59
4.4. Expression of genes. Protein biosynthesis..62
4.5. Regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes..66
4.6. The human genome..69
4.7. Energy flow in a cell..73
Tasks & Questions..74
Chapter 5. Reproduction on the cellular and organismic level
5.1. Mitotic cycle. Mitosis. Cell death...77
5.2. Mitotic cycle regulation. Genetic basis of tumour growth..85
5.3. Meiosis..90
5.4. Organisms reproduction..95
5.5. Gametogenesis. Fertilization..98
5.6. Cloning of organisms..107
Tasks & Questions..109
Chapter 6. Human ontogenesis. Prenatal and postnatal periods of ontogenesis
6.1. Ontogenesis. Embryonic period of ontogenesis ..112
6.2. Critical periods of embryogenesis. Congenital defects..128
6.3. Postnatal period of ontogenesis..130
6.4. Post-reproductive period. Aging and death..138
6.5. Regeneration and transplantation..141
6.6. Homeostasis. Biological rhythms..146
Tasks & Questions..151
Chapter 7. Regularity of heredity in human
7.1. Mono–and dihybrid cross. Mendel’s laws ...154
7.2. Multiple alleles. Blood groups. Immunogenetics ..161
7.3. Allelic and non-allelic gene interactions leiotropy...172
7.4. Chromosomal theory of heredity..176
Tasks & Questions..188
Chapter 8. Variation, its forms and manifestation
8.1. Phenotypic variation ..193
8.2. Genetic variation.
Recombination and mutations..194
Tasks & Questions..200
Chapter 9. Methods of human genetics
9.1. Peculiarities of human genetics. Notion of hereditary disorders ..204
9.2. Pedigree analysis (genealogic method)..205
9.3. Twins method of genetics ..209
9.4. Cytogenetic methods. Chromosomal disorders. Dermatoglyphics..212
9.5. Single gene disorders. Biochemical method of medical genetics. DNA diagnosis ..220
9.6. Population statistic method..227
9.7. Prophylaxis of hereditary disorders. Genetic counselling. Prenatal diagnosis...233
Tasks & Questions...235
Chapter 10. General notions of parasitology. Protists as human parasites
10.1. General notions of parasitology...239
10.2. General characteristic of protists. Parasitic amoeboid protozoa...242
10.3. Parasitic Ciliates....248
10.4. Parasitic Flagellates ..250
10.5. Apicomplexa parasites..260
Tasks & Questions..270
Chapter 11. Helminthes. Flat worms and round worms as human parasites
11.1. General characteristics of flat worms. Flukes (Trematodes)..275
11.2. Tapeworms (Cestodes) as human parasites .289
11.3. General characteristics of Roundworms (Nematodes). Roundworms – geohelminthes..304
11.4. Roundworms – biohelminthes ..315
11.5. Methods of laboratory diagnosis of helminthoses ..324
Tasks & Questions..332
Chapter 12. Arthropodes as poisonous animals, vectors and agents of human diseases
12.1. General characteristics of Arthropods ..337
12.2. Medical importance of Crustaceans and Arachnida. Spiders and ticks..338
12.3. General charact