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ISBN: 978-617-505-771-1
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г: 2020
: 224
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The textbook outlines the fundamentals of bioenergetics and cybernetics of biochemical reactions; describes the properties of solutions and their role in biochemical processes; presents modern concepts of electrode processes; explains peculiarities of surface phenomena and their value for the vital activity of the body; dwells on the properties of dispersion systems and biopolymer solutions. Special emphasis is placed on biogenic elements and their properties viewed through the spectacle of modern concepts of atomic and molecular structure, and chemical bonds.
The authors touch upon topical problems of ecology.
The textbook is intended for English-speaking students of higher education establishments medical universities, institutes, and academies, pharmaceutical, biological, and ecological specialties.

Chapter 1. Chemical bonding and complexing
1.1. Chemical bond and its experimental characteristics
1.2. Covalent bond
1.3. Ionic bond
1.4. Metallic bond
1.5. Hydrogen bond
1.6. Complexing
Self-test questions and tasks
Chapter 2. Theoretical principles of bioenergetics
2.1. Subject of thermodynamics
2.2. Thermodynamic systems. Thermodynamic functions
2.3. First law of thermodynamics
2.4. Heat of chemical reactions. Thermochemical equations
2.5. Thermochemistry laws
2.6. Application of thermochemical calculations for describing the energy of biochemical processes
2.7. Second law of thermodynamics
2.8. Gibbs equation
Self-test questions and tasks
Chapter 3. Physical and chemical fundamentals of biochemical reaction kinetics
3.1. Dependence of reaction rate on reactant concentration. Mass action law
3.2. Molecularity and order of reaction
3.3. Simple and complex reactions
3.4. Effect of temperature on reaction rate
3.5. Catalysis
3.6. Chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium constant
Self-test questions and tasks
Chapter 4. Solutions and their role in biochemical processes
4.1. Modern ideas about solutions
4.2. Solution concentration
4.3. Solubility of gases in liquids
4.4. Solubility of liquids and solid substances in liquids
4.5. Colligative properties of diluted solutions
4.6. Solutions of electrolytes
4.7. Dissociation of water
4.8. Acid-base theories
4.9. Buffer solutions
4.10. Formation and dissolution of precipitates
Self-test questions and tasks
Chapter 5. Electrode processes and their significance for physiology and medicine
5.1. Electrode potentials
5.2. Classification of electrodes
5.3. Diffusion and membrane potentials
5.4. Potentials in biological systems
5.5. Oxidation-reduction reactions
Self-test questions and tasks
Chapter 6. Physical chemistry of surface phenomena and their rolein the processes taking place in the human body
6.1. Surface tension of liquids. Surface activity
6.2. Adsorption at the liquid-gas and liquid-liquid interfaces
6.3. Orientation of molecules of surface-active substances in the surface layer
6.4. Langmuir isotherm equation
6.5. Structure of biological membranes
6.6. Solute adsorption at solid interface
6.7. Laws of solute adsorption at solid interface
6.8. Adsorption therapy fundamentals
6.9. Adsorption of electrolytes
6.9.1. Selective adsorption
6.9.2. Ion exchange adsorption
6.10. Chromatographic methods of analysis
6.10.1. Principles of chromatographic methods classification
6.10.2. Application of chromatography in biology and medicine
Self-test questions and tasks
Chapter 7 . Physical chemistry of disperse systems
7.1. Classification of disperse systems
7.2. Methods of colloid system preparation
7.2.1. Methods of dispergation
7.2.1. Methods of condensation
7.3. Methods of colloid system purification
7.4. Molecular-kinetic properties of disperse systems
7.5. Optical properties of colloid systems
7.6. Double electrical layer. Structure of colloid particles. Electrokinetic phenomena
7.6.1. Electrokinetic phenomena
7.7. Stability and coagulation of disperse systems
7.7.1. Stability factors of disperse systems
7.7.2. Theory of coagulation and stability of disperse systems
7.7.3. Kinetics of coagulation
7.7.4. Special cases of coagulation
7.7.5. Peptization as inverse process of coagulation
7.7.6. Coagulation in biological systems
7.8. Aerosols. Powders. Suspensions. Pastes. Foams
7.9. Emulsions
7.10. Colloid surface-active substances
Self-test questions and tasks
Chapter 8. Physical chemistry of biopolymers and their solutions
8.1. Biological macromolecules
8.2. Biopolymer structure
8.3. Isoelectric state of proteins
8.4. HMC solutions and their properties
8.5. Thermodynamic stability of HMC solutions. Methods of protein precipitation
8.6. Osmosis. Osmotic pressure in HMC solutions
8.7. Viscosity of HMC solutions
8.8. Jellies: formation and properties
Self-test questions and tasks
Chapter 9. Chemist